A voluntary process that can be followed by mediation if both parties agree and request the appointment of a mediator by the Minister of Labour. This process is intended to help the parties reach an interim agreement, usually during the period between the issuance of a « No Board » report and the start of a legal strike or lockout. Mediation may also continue during a strike or lockout, if both parties agree. The mediator plays essentially the same role as the conciliator and is often the same person, but not necessarily. Labour negotiations are an essential part of unionized employment, such as the University of Toronto. The process of negotiating an agreement that works for the university, its employees and its unions can be complex and time-consuming. The terminology associated with collective bargaining may not always be clear or intuitive. Below are some commonly used terms with a brief explanation. Conciliation in collective bargaining is called « interest rate arbitration » (i.e., the definition of the interests of the parties in the collective agreement). At the University of Toronto, this is a rarely used alternative to resolving collective disputes, which normally requires the agreement of both the university and the Union. If both parties agree, they jointly appoint an arbitrator who conducts a hearing and makes a binding decision to resolve all outstanding issues between the parties.
Sometimes, and also very rarely, the government adopts labour laws to end a strike or lockout, and this legislation generally refers to open issues of mandatory conciliation to resolve. A democratic approval procedure by which the members of the bargaining unit vote in favour of the adoption or rejection of the interim collective agreement concluded by the University and the Union. The ratification vote will take place at the end of collective bargaining, following an interim agreement between the university and the Union. All members of the bargaining unit have the right to vote, with the exception of CUPE 3902, which requires that the interim agreement be approved at an « ascension session » prior to the tariff-wide vote.