Between April 29 and May 3, 2019, the Afghan government organized a four-day Loya-Jirga to discuss peace talks. The Taliban were invited, but they were not present.  Later in May, a third meeting was held in Moscow between a Taliban delegation and a group of Afghan politicians.  In August 2019, an eighth round of talks between the United States and the Taliban took place in Qatar.  The Washington Post reported that the United States was on the verge of a peace agreement with the Taliban and was preparing to withdraw 5,000 troops from Afghanistan.  In September, Khalilzad said that the United States and the Taliban had reached an agreement until Trump`s approval. However, less than a week later, Trump canceled peace talks in response to an attack in Kabul that killed an American soldier and 11 others.  After the failure of talks with the United States, the Taliban sent a delegation to Russia to discuss the prospects of withdrawing U.S. troops from Afghanistan.
 On September 18, 2019, the Taliban declared that if Trump decided to resume peace talks in the future, their « open doors » would be open.  On the same day that U.S. and Taliban negotiators signed the U.S.-Taliban agreement in Doha, Defense Minister Esper, North Atlantic Organization (NATO) Secretary Jens Stoltenberg and Afghan President Ashraf Ghani signed a joint statement [PDF] in Kabul, Afghanistan. Like the agreement between the United States and the Taliban, the joint declaration identifies four objectives for achieving peace in Afghanistan and regional stability, the last two objectives being based on the status of the first two: unlike the agreement between the United States and the Taliban, the joint statement explicitly refers to the terrorist groups Al Qaeda and the self-proclaimed Islamic State of Chorasan. , not « armed groups. » The United States and NATO have committed to training Afghan security forces (in accordance with existing security agreements [PDF]) and conducting counter-terrorism operations, while the Afghan government has pledged to prevent these terrorist groups from using Afghanistan as a base and continuing to conduct counter-terrorism and anti-drug operations. Third, the Taliban and the Afghan government face internal challenges that threaten their cohesion and credibility. The Afghan government is fragile. She was involved internally on Mr.
Ghani`s adoption of the agreement between the United States and the Taliban (in which the Afghan government did not participate) and in negotiations on the controversial outcome of the September 2019 Afghan presidential election. The elections led to months of wists over the results, leading to the termination of Mr. Ghani`s and Abdullah`s presidential oath in March 2020.